Urology, also known as genitourinary surgery, focuses on surgical and medical diseases of the male and female urinary-tract system and the male reproductive organs. Here at Surgical Hospital of Oklahoma, our specialists are leaders in diagnosing and treating most common urological ailments.
Subspecialties of Urology
Due to the various stages of physical development, various subspecialties in urology cater to specific needs. Those include:
Pediatric Urology. A subspecialty that caters to children.
- Urologic Oncology. The branch that deals with cancers of the urinary tract or reproductive organs.
- Renal Transplant. The kidneys have a subspecialty for transplant procedures.
- Male Infertility. An area that specifically deals with a man’s inability to cause pregnancy in a fertile female.
- Urinary Tract Stones. Depending on the location, these may be identified as kidney stones, ureteral stones, or bladder stones. This subspecialty is dedicated to treatment and removal of mineral build-ups in the urinary tract.
- Female Urology. This area focuses on urologic conditions specifically in women such as urinary tract infections, pelvic prolapses and other conditions more common to females.
Common Urological Disorders
The urinary tract is comprised of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra, whose combined job is to eliminate waste through urine from the body. It is when any part of this system is either damaged or faulty that a medical condition occurs and requires treatment.
Common urinary tract disorders we treat at Surgical Hospital of Oklahoma include:
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Usually due to aging, this is where the prostate gland becomes enlarged making urination difficult.
Erectile dysfunction. Inability for a male to achieve or maintain and erection.
Hydronephrosis. Swelling of the kidneys.
Kidney stones. A small, hard mineral build-up in the kidneys.
Male Infertility. Inability to impregnate a fertile female.
Pelvic organ prolapse. Muscle or tissue condition in the female pelvic region, possibly due to childbirth or aging.
Small bowel prolapse (enterocele). Occurring in women, this is where part of the small intestine drops into the lower pelvic cavity, pushing at the top part of the vagina.
Urinary incontinence. Condition where a person suffers from uncontrollable urination.
Urinary tract infection (UTI). Infection in any part – kidneys, urethra, bladder, etc – of the urinary tract.
Treatments & Procedures
If one of the urological conditions listed above is something you’re suffering with, below are some of the latest medical breakthroughs and treatments for urinary tract disorders and diseases.
Bladder Removal Surgery. Known as “Cystectomy”, this procedure removes the affected bladder.
Cystoscopy. Endoscopy (a minimally invasive way to look inside the body) of the urinary bladder to examine the lining and the urethra in order to get a proper look at a variety of conditions.
Extracorporeal shock wave therapy. A noninvasive procedure using waves of energy pressure to treat some urinary tract disorders such as kidney stones.
Kidney Removal Surgery. Known as “Nephrectomy”, this procedure removes the affected kidney.
Reconstruction or replacement of the urethra to widen the urine channel.